Intersectionality and the social meanings of variation : class, ethnicity, and social practice

Kirkham, Sam (2015) Intersectionality and the social meanings of variation : class, ethnicity, and social practice. Language in Society, 44 (5). pp. 629-652. ISSN 0047-4045

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This article examines how the social meanings of phonetic variation in a British adolescent community are influenced by a complex relationship between ethnicity, social class and social practice. I focus on the realisation of the HAPPY vowel in Sheffield English, which is reported to be a lax variant [ɛ̈] amongst working-class speakers but is undergoing change towards a tense variant [i] amongst middle-class speakers. I analyse the acoustic realisation of this vowel across four female communities of practice in a multiethnic secondary school and find that the variable’s community-wide associations of social class are projected onto the ethnographic category of school orientation, which I suggest is a more local interpretation of class relations. Ethnographic evidence and discourse analysis reveal that local meanings of the HAPPY vowel vary further within distinctive community of practice styles, which is the result of how ethnicity and social class intersect in structuring local social practices.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Language in Society
Additional Information:
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? linguistics and languagelanguage and linguisticssociology and political science ??
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Deposited On:
18 Jun 2015 05:40
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 15:08