Rapid plant species loss at high rates and at low frequency of N addition in temperate steppe

Zhang, Yunhai and Lu, Xiaotao and Isbell, Forest and Stevens, Carly and Han, Xu and He, Nianpeng and Zhang, Guangming and Yu, Qiang and Huang, Jianhui and Han, Xingguo (2014) Rapid plant species loss at high rates and at low frequency of N addition in temperate steppe. Global Change Biology, 20 (11). pp. 3520-3529. ISSN 1354-1013

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Abstract

Humans are both intentionally (fertilization) and unintentionally (atmospheric nutrient deposition) adding nutrients worldwide. Increasing availability of biologically reactive nitrogen (N) is one of the major drivers of plant species loss. It remains unclear, however, whether plant diversity will be equally reduced by inputs of reactive N coming from either small and frequent N deposition events or large and infrequent N fertilization events. By independently manipulating the rate and frequency of reactive N inputs, our study teases apart these potentially contrasting effects. Plant species richness decreased more quickly at high rates and at low frequency of N addition, which suggests that previous fertilization studies have likely over-estimated the effects of N deposition on plant species loss. N-induced species loss resulted from both acidification and ammonium toxicity. Further study of small and frequent N additions will be necessary to project future rates of plant species loss under increasing aerial N deposition.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Global Change Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
ID Code:
73665
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jun 2015 05:39
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 02:07