What is cool?:operationalizing the construct in an apparel context

Runyan, Rodney and Noh, Mijeong and Mosier, Jon (2013) What is cool?:operationalizing the construct in an apparel context. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 17 (3). pp. 322-340. ISSN 1361-2026

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Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to operationalize the ubiquitously used concept of "cool," specifically considering its meaning to Generation Y consumers of apparel. Using Churchill’s (1979) rigorous scale generating method, we generate items, pre-test, and the test with a sample (N=265) of college students. Design/methodology/approach - Researchers specify the domain of the cool construct, conduct item generation, collect data through a pre-test to purify the measures and then collect data from a large sample to assess reliability and validity of the measures and construct. Findings - Results of exploratory factor analysis reveal a six-factor solution; a confirmatory analysis shows that cool is a multi-dimensional construct reflected in two second-order factors labeled as hedonic and utilitarian cool. These factors are reflected in five first order factors we call: singular, personal, aesthetic, quality and functional cool. Research limitations/implications - Cool as a social and marketing concept has enjoyed a forty+ year lifespan, and is still used often in advertising messages and marketing strategy. This study provides a valid and reliable scale measuring cool, providing scholars a starting point to include cool in empirical research. Originality/value - The study provides valuable insight into the cool concept as being a multidimensional construct, operationalizing the first scale to measure cool in a consumer setting.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management
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Deposited On:
18 Jun 2015 05:20
Last Modified:
21 Nov 2022 23:55