Evidence of a role for osteoprotegerin in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension

Lawrie, Allan and Waterman, Elizabeth and Southwood, Mark and Evans, David and Suntharalingam, Jay and Francis, Sheila and Crossman, David and Croucher, Peter and Morrell, Nicholas and Newman, Christopher (2008) Evidence of a role for osteoprotegerin in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension. American Journal of Pathology, 172 (1). pp. 256-264. ISSN 0002-9440

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Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PA-SMC) migration and proliferation are key processes in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent information suggests that abnormalities in the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor 2 (BMP-R2) signaling pathway are important in PAH pathogenesis. It remains unclear whether and how this pathway interacts with, for example, serotonin (5-HT) and inflammation to trigger and/or sustain the development of PAH. The secreted glycoprotein osteoprotegerin (OPG) is emerging as an important regulatory molecule in vascular biology and is modulated by BMPs, 5-HT, and interleukin-1 in other cell types. However, whether OPG is expressed by PA-SMCs within PAH lesions and plays a role in PAH is unknown. Immunohistochemistry of human PAH lesions demonstrated increased OPG expression, and OPG was significantly increased in idiopathic PAH patient serum. Recombinant OPG stimulated proliferation and migration of PA-SMCs in vitro, and BMP-R2 RNA interference increased OPG secretion. Additionally, both 5-HT and interleukin-1 also increased OPG secretion. These data are the first to demonstrate that OPG is increased in PAH and that it can regulate PA-SMC proliferation and migration. OPG may provide a common link between the different pathways associated with the disease, potentially playing an important role in the pathogenesis of PAH.

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Journal Article
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American Journal of Pathology
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18 Jun 2015 05:38
Last Modified:
17 Sep 2023 01:38