Assessing group differences in biodiversity by simultaneously testing a user-defined selection of diversity indices

Pallmann, Philip and Schaarschmidt, Frank and Hothorn, Ludwig A. and Fischer, Christiane and Nacke, Heiko and Priesnitz, Kai U. and Schork, Nicholas J. (2012) Assessing group differences in biodiversity by simultaneously testing a user-defined selection of diversity indices. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12 (6). pp. 1068-1078. ISSN 1755-0998

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Abstract

Comparing diversities between groups is a task biologists are frequently faced with, for example in ecological field trials or when dealing with metagenomics data. However, researchers often waver about which measure of diversity to choose as there is a multitude of approaches available. As Jost (2008, Molecular Ecology, 17, 4015) has pointed out, widely used measures such as the Shannon or Simpson index have undesirable properties which make them hard to compare and interpret. Many of the problems associated with the use of these ‘raw’ indices can be corrected by transforming them into ‘true’ diversity measures. We introduce a technique that allows the comparison of two or more groups of observations and simultaneously tests a user-defined selection of a number of ‘true’ diversity measures. This procedure yields multiplicity-adjusted P-values according to the method of Westfall and Young (1993, Resampling-Based Multiple Testing: Examples and Methods for p-Value Adjustment, 49, 941), which ensures that the rate of false positives (type I error) does not rise when the number of groups and/or diversity indices is extended. Software is available in the R package ‘simboot’.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Molecular Ecology Resources
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1305
Subjects:
ID Code:
73434
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Apr 2015 12:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 09:10