Cyclin A/CDK2 mediated phosphorylation of CIZ1 blocks replisome formation and initiation of mammalian DNA replication

Copeland, Nikki and Sercombe, Heather E and Wilson, Rosemary H. C. and Coverley, Dawn (2015) Cyclin A/CDK2 mediated phosphorylation of CIZ1 blocks replisome formation and initiation of mammalian DNA replication. Journal of Cell Science, 128 (8). pp. 1518-1527. ISSN 0021-9533

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Abstract

CIZ1 is a nuclear matrix protein that cooperates with cyclin A/CDK2 to promote mammalian DNA replication. We show here that cyclin A/CDK2 also negatively regulates CIZ1 activity via phosphorylation at threonines 144, 192, and 293. Phosphomimetic mutants do not promote DNA replication in cell-free and cell-based assays, and also have a dominant negative effect on replisome formation at the level of PCNA recruitment. Phosphorylation blocks direct interaction with cyclin A/CDK2, and recruitment of endogenous cyclin A to the nuclear matrix. In contrast, phosphomimetic CIZ1 retains nuclear matrix binding capability, and interaction with CDC6 is not affected. Phospho-threonine 192-specific antibodies confirm that CIZ1 is phosphorylated during S-phase and G2, and show that phosphorylation at this site occurs at post-initiation concentrations of cyclin A/CDK2. Together the data suggest that CIZ1 is a kinase sensor that promotes initiation of DNA replication at low kinase levels, when in a hypophosphorylated state that is permissive for cyclin A-CDK2 interaction and delivery to licensed origins, but blocks delivery at higher kinase levels when it is itself phosphorylated.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Cell Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1307
Subjects:
ID Code:
73418
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Apr 2015 08:48
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
08 Jul 2020 04:32