Effect of human auditory efferent feedback on cochlear gain and compression

Yasin, Ifat and Drga, Vit and Plack, Christopher J. (2014) Effect of human auditory efferent feedback on cochlear gain and compression. Journal of Neuroscience, 34 (46). pp. 15319-15326. ISSN 0270-6474

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The manunalian auditory system includes a brainstem-mediated efferent pathway from the superior olivary complex by way of the medial olivocochlear system, which reduces the cochlear response to sound (Warr and Guinan, 1979; Liberman et al., 1996). The human medial olivocochlear response has an onset delay of between 25 and 40 ms and rise and decay constants in the region of 280 and 160 ms, respectively (Backus and Guinan, 2006). Physiological studies with nonhuman mammals indicate that onset and decay characteristics of efferent activation are dependent on the temporal and level characteristics of the auditory stimulus (Bacon and Smith, 1991; Guinan and Stankovic, 1996). This study uses a novel psychoacoustical masking technique using a precursor sound to obtain a measure of the efferent effect in humans. This technique avoids confounds currently associated with other psychoacoustical measures. Both temporal and level dependency of the efferent effect was measured, providing a comprehensive measure of the effect of human auditory efferents on cochlear gain and compression. Results indicate that a precursor (>20 dB SPL) induced efferent activation, resulting in a decrease in both maximum gain and maximum compression, with linearization of the compressive function for input sound levels between 50 and 70 dB SPL. Estimated gain decreased as precursor level increased, and increased as the silent interval between the precursor and combined masker-signal stimulus increased, consistent with a decay of the efferent effect Human auditory efferent activation linearizes the cochlear response for mid-level sounds while reducing maximum gain.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Neuroscience
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Copyright © 2014 Yasin et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution andreproduction in any medium providedthatthe original work is properly attributed.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? cochlearcompressionefferentgainmaskingneuralbasilar-membrane nonlinearitycrossed olivocochlear bundleimpaired hearingelectrical-stimulationfrequency-selectivityotoacoustic emissionperipheral gainnerve responsenotched-noisetime-courseneuroscience(all) ??
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10 Mar 2015 15:18
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03 Mar 2024 01:15