Response styles, bipolar risk, and mood in students : the Behaviours Checklist

Fisk, Claire and Dodd, Alyson and Collins, Alan (2015) Response styles, bipolar risk, and mood in students : the Behaviours Checklist. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 88 (4). pp. 412-426. ISSN 1476-0835

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Objectives An Integrative Cognitive Model of mood swings and bipolar disorder proposes that extreme positive and negative appraisals about internal states trigger ascent and descent behaviours, contributing to the onset and maintenance of mood swings. This study investigated the reliability and validity of a new inventory, the Behaviours Checklist (BC), by measuring associations with appraisals, response styles to positive and negative affect, bipolar risk, mania, and depression. Design Correlational analogue study. Methods Students (N = 134) completed the BC alongside measures of appraisals, response styles to positive and negative mood, mania, depression, and hypomanic personality (bipolar risk). Results The BC was of adequate reliability and showed good validity. Ascent behaviours and appraisals predicted bipolar risk, whereas descent behaviours and appraisals were associated with depression. Conclusions Appraisals, ascent, and descent behaviours may play an important role in the development and maintenance of mood swings. Limitations and research recommendations are outlined. Practitioner points Extreme positive and negative appraisals of internal states, and subsequent behavioural responses (ascent and descent behaviours), are associated with bipolar risk and bipolar mood symptoms in a student sample. These processes are involved with mood dysregulation in clinical populations as well as bipolar risk in students, with implications for mood management.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Additional Information:
This is the accepted version of the following article: Fisk, C., Dodd, A. L. & Collins, A. (2015). Response styles, bipolar risk and mood in students: The Behaviours Checklist. Psychology & Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice., which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? appraisal hypomanic personalitybipolar disordermood response stylesclinical psychologypsychiatry and mental health ??
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Deposited On:
22 Jan 2015 10:14
Last Modified:
13 Jul 2024 01:05