The impact of biochar on the bioaccessibility of (14)C-phenanthrene in aged soil

Ogbonnaya, O. U. and Adebisi, O. O. and Semple, Kirk T. (2014) The impact of biochar on the bioaccessibility of (14)C-phenanthrene in aged soil. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 16 (11). pp. 2635-2643. ISSN 2050-7887

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Biochar is a carbon rich product from the incomplete combustion of biomass and it has been shown to reduce bioavailability of organic contaminants through adsorption. This study investigated the influence of 0%, 1%, 5% and 10% of two different particle sized wood biochars (≤2 mm and 3-7 mm) on the bioaccessibility of (14)C-phenanthrene (10 mg kg(-1)) in aged soil. The extent of (14)C-phenanthrene mineralisation by phenanthrene-degrading Pseudomonas sp. inoculum was monitored over a 14 day period in respirometric assays and compared to hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) aqueous extraction. Notably, biochar amendments showed significant reduction in extents of mineralisation and HPCD extraction. Linear correlations between HPCD extractability and the total amount mineralised revealed good correlations, with 2 mm biochar showing a best fit (r(2) = 0.97, slope = 1.11, intercept = 1.72). Biochar reduced HPCD extractability and bioaccessibility of (14)C-phenanthrene to microorganisms in a similar manner. Biochar can aid risk reduction to phenanthrene exposure to biota in soil and HPCD can serve as a useful tool to assess the extent of exposure in biochar-amended soils.

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Journal Article
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Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts
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07 Jan 2015 19:50
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 01:27