The use of electrospray mass spectrometry to determine speciation in a dynamic combinatorial library for anion recognition

Phillips, Hazel I. A. and Chernikov, Aleksey V. and Fletcher, Nicholas C. and Ashcroft, Alison E. and Ault, James R. and Filby, Maria H. and Wilson, Andrew J. (2012) The use of electrospray mass spectrometry to determine speciation in a dynamic combinatorial library for anion recognition. Chemistry - A European Journal, 18 (43). pp. 13733-13742. ISSN 0947-6539

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The composition of a dynamic mixture of similar 2,2'-bipyridine complexes of iron(II) bearing either an amide (5-benzylamido-2,2'-bipyridine and 5-(2-methoxyethane)amido-2,2'-bipyridine) or an ester (2,2'-bipyridine-5-carboxylic acid benzylester and 2,2'-bipyridine-5-carboxylic acid 2-methoxyethane ester) side chain have been evaluated by electrospray mass spectroscopy in acetonitrile. The time taken for the complexes to come to equilibrium appears to be dependent on the counteranion, with chloride causing a rapid redistribution of two preformed heteroleptic complexes (of the order of 1 hour), whereas the time it takes in the presence of tetrafluoroborate salts is in excess of 24 h. Similarly the final distribution of products is dependent on the anion present, with the presence of chloride, and to a lesser extent bromide, preferring three amide-functionalized ligands, and a slight preference for an appended benzyl over a methoxyethyl group. Furthermore, for the first time, this study shows that the distribution of a dynamic library of metal complexes monitored by ESI-MS can adapt following the introduction of a different anion, in this case tetrabutylammonium chloride to give the most favoured heteroleptic complex despite the increasing ionic strength of the solution.

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Journal Article
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Chemistry - A European Journal
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22 Jan 2015 10:13
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21 Sep 2023 01:48