Time to reflect : the value of a longitudinal interview methodology in exploring coping strategies of patients with advanced cancer and their carers

Roberts, Diane and Grande, G. and Lloyd-Williams, Mari and Calman, Lynn and Appleton, Lynda and Large, Paul and Walshe, Catherine (2014) Time to reflect : the value of a longitudinal interview methodology in exploring coping strategies of patients with advanced cancer and their carers. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care, 4 (Supple). A40. ISSN 2045-435X

Full text not available from this repository.


Background Qualitative longitudinal methods, used successfully for research in chronic conditions, can potentially unpick the dynamics of coping with advanced cancer as both a skillset and process. Studies in palliative care commonly suffer from high attrition and raise challenges when exploiting the richness and utility of longitudinal data. Aims To develop longitudinal methodology by learning from a successful study exploring how and when patients with advanced cancer and their informal carers develop coping strategies. Methods 54 participants (n=27 patients, n=27 nominated carers) were recruited to a qualitative longitudinal serial interview study. Using a core topic guide and a semi-narrative, conversational format, two interviews with each participant (n=86 interviews) were scheduled 4–12 weeks apart to encompass a range of everyday challenges and life events. A multidimensional approach combined thematic coding and framework analysis to compare patients, carers, dyads and interview points. Results Researcher sensitivity, responsiveness and planning of second interviews resulted in low attrition between interviews (7.5%). Interviews were welcomed by participants and their timing was central to understanding how and when participants' developed coping strategies. Participants could reflect in ways which opened up the ‘black box’ of lived experience and researchers' were able to develop more relevant follow-up questions. This assisted participants to articulate how, why and when they had (or had not) developed particular coping strategies. Conclusions Supporting the development of coping strategies which benefit patients and carers is both imperative and time critical in palliative care. This study shows that longitudinal qualitative research is valuable when exploring the complex ‘everyday realities’ of lived experience which are fundamental to quality of life but often develop, unremarked, over time. By integrating opportunities for participant reflection and focusing on ‘change over time’ this study was able to explore deeper patient-centred insights on which to develop robust evidence-based practice.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? general medicineoncology(nursing)medicine (miscellaneous)medical–surgicalmedicine(all) ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Jan 2015 13:45
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 09:40