Time-lapse imaging of active lava flows at Mt. Etna, Sicily

James, Michael and Pinkerton, Harry and Applegarth, Louisa and Hancock, Anson and Slatcher, Neil and Owen, Jacqueline and Calvari, Sonia and Ganci, Gaetana (2015) Time-lapse imaging of active lava flows at Mt. Etna, Sicily. In: AGU Fall Meeting 2014, 2014-12-152014-12-19.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Over the last ~6 years, remote time-lapse cameras have been deployed on Mt. Etna, Sicily, with a view to capturing the emplacement of a substantial lava flow field. Initial deployment of wildlife trail-style cameras in 2008 acquired data on lava channel processes during the 2008-9 eruption. In 2009, just in time to capture the dying phases of the eruption, an upgraded network of dSLRs was installed. The network has subsequently captured the steady growth of the New South East crater and the rapid emplacement of short-lived sheet flows that have accompanied the recent paroxysmal fire fountaining events. Most of the imagery has been acquired over distances of multiple kilometres, but the portability of the time-lapse setup has also allowed several opportunistic close range (hundreds of metres or less) deployments, to observe near-vent processes or effusion inside the Bocca Nuova crater. Here, we provide an overview of the equipment, and the approaches used to georeference the monoscopic time-lapse imagery through integrating with 3D data (e.g. existing DEMs, or data simultaneously collected by terrestrial laser scanner or photogrammetric techniques). The acquired observations of flow front emplacement, flow inflation, channel breaching and effusion rate variations that provide insight into the processes involved in long lived flow fields will be presented. Significant opportunities remain, for example, in the near real-time derivation of bulk rheological parameters, and integration with numerical flow models, and the challenges involved in using such imagery will be discussed.

Item Type:
Contribution to Conference (Poster)
Journal or Publication Title:
AGU Fall Meeting 2014
Subjects:
ID Code:
72316
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Jan 2015 12:04
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Aug 2020 01:03