Structure and mass transportation model of slow-release organic carbon-source material for groundwater in situ denitrification

Zhang, Dayi and Zhou, Guizhong and Zhang, Xu and Wang, Yun and Li, Guanghe (2015) Structure and mass transportation model of slow-release organic carbon-source material for groundwater in situ denitrification. Environmental Technology, 36 (3). pp. 395-403. ISSN 0959-3330

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Abstract

Based on the theories of organic polymer and chemical kinetics, the structure and mass transportation model of slow-release organic carbon-source (SOC) material was developed in this study to reveal and predict the carbon release mechanisms of polymer carbon source, which was feasible for in situ denitrification in nitrate-contaminated groundwater. Composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and starch, the SOC material formed the interlocking/disperse-phase structure. PVA performed as continuous phase and skeleton, whereas the starch or cellulose behaved as release component. Carbon release process was identified in two stages: solid-phase (inner) and interface (gel layer) diffusion. Solid-phase diffusion was affected by material porous medium parameters, for example, distance between the crosslinking points and starch free energy. The interface diffusion depended mostly on the groundwater dynamics and interface energy distribution. The interface diffusion was found as the limiting step of carbon release process, and the carbon release coefficient corresponded to kD,I as static coefficient and kC,I as dynamic coefficient. As the key indicator to evaluate carbon release capacity, kD,I and kC,I represented appropriate boundary conditions and interface properties. Sensitivity analysis showed that the key parameters of the carbon release model were the distance between the crosslinking points and the free energy of polymer, influenced by regulation of preparation technique, raw material composition and additive dosage.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2311
Subjects:
ID Code:
72311
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Jan 2015 09:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 May 2020 03:21