Monetary and fiscal policy under deep habits

Leith, Campbell and Moldovan, Ioana and Rossi, Raffaele (2015) Monetary and fiscal policy under deep habits. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 52. pp. 55-74. ISSN 0165-1889

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Allowing habits to be formed at the level of individual goods - deep habits - can radically alter the fiscal policy transmission mechanism as the counter-cyclicality of mark-ups this implies can result in government spending crowding-in rather than crowding-out private consumption in the short run. We explore the robustness of this mechanism to the existence of price discrimination in the supply of goods to the public and private sectors. We then describe optimal monetary and fiscal policy in our New Keynesian economy subject to the additional externality of deep habits and explore the ability of simple policy rules to mimic fully optimal policy. We find that the presence of deep habits at empirically estimated levels can imply large externalities that significantly affect the conduct of monetary and tax policy. However, despite the rise in government spending multipliers implied by deep habits, government spending is barely used as a stabilisation tool under the optimal policy.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control
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c2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
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Deposited On:
15 Dec 2014 13:19
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 00:40