Diabetes mellitus and comorbid depression in Zambia

Hapunda, G. and Abubakar, Amina and Pouwer, F. and van de Vijver, F. (2015) Diabetes mellitus and comorbid depression in Zambia. Diabetic Medicine, 32 (6). pp. 814-818. ISSN 0742-3071

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Abstract

AIMS: To replicate, in Zambia, a recent global study by the WHO, which reported that the odds of depression were not increased in African people with diabetes, and to explore the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with depression. METHODS: A total of 773 control subjects and 157 Zambian patients with diabetes completed the Major Depression Inventory and a list of demographic indicators. RESULTS: Compared with control subjects (mean ± sd Major Depression Inventory score 15.10 ± 9.19), depressive symptoms were significantly more common in patients with diabetes (mean ± sd Major Depression Inventory score 19.12 ± 8.95; P<0.001). ancova showed that having diabetes [F(1,698) = 16.50, P< 0.001], being female [F(1,698) = 7.35, P< 0.01] and having low socio-economic status (F(1,698) = 13.35, P < 0.001) were positive predictors of depression. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to the WHO study, we found that depression was a common comorbid health problem among Zambian people with diabetes. Clinicians should consider patients' health status, sex and socio-economic status as potential factors predicting depression.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Diabetic Medicine
Additional Information: This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1310
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 72130
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2014 11:18
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2020 04:07
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/72130

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