A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities

Wigham, S. and Taylor, J. L. and Hatton, C. (2014) A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58 (12). pp. 1131-1140. ISSN 0964-2633

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Abstract

Background Research has demonstrated a relationship between the experience of life events and psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), however few studies have established causal links and to date no prospective studies have utilised a measure of trauma that has been developed specifically for this population group. Method This 6-month prospective study examined longitudinal relationships between adverse life events and trauma in 99 adults with mild to moderate ID. Results Life events during the previous 6 months were significantly predictive of levels of trauma as measured by the self-report Lancaster and Northgate trauma scales (LANTS), and the informant LANTS behavioural changes, frequency and severity sub-scales. This prospective causal relationship was demonstrated while controlling for any prior life events or pre-existing trauma, though the relationship was not moderated by social support. Conclusions Evidence of a causal relationship between adverse life events and trauma symptoms is important for treatment planning and funding allocation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2808
Subjects:
ID Code:
72100
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Dec 2014 11:58
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jul 2020 01:55