The performance of children prenatally exposed to HIV on the A-not-B task in Kilifi, Kenya:a preliminary study

Abubakar, Amina and Holding, Penny and Van Baar, Anneloes and Newton, Charles R. J. C. and Van de Vijver, Fons J. R. and Espy, Kimberly Andrews (2013) The performance of children prenatally exposed to HIV on the A-not-B task in Kilifi, Kenya:a preliminary study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10 (9). pp. 4132-4142.

[img]
Preview
PDF (ijerph-10-04132)
ijerph_10_04132.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (186kB)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate early executive functioning in young children from 6-35 months of age. The study involved 319 randomly selected children from the community, 17 HIV exposed but uninfected children and 31 HIV infected ARV-naive children. A variation of the A-not-B task was used. While there were no group differences in total correct, perseverative errors, nor maximum error run, a significant percentage of children were unable to complete the task as a consequence of the children becoming overtly distressed or refusing to continue. In a multivariate analysis we observed that the significant predictors of non-completion were HIV exposure (both infected and exposed) and being under 24 months of age. These patterns of results indicate that future work with a broader array of tasks need to look at the association of HIV and EF tasks and potential contribution of factors such as emotion regulation, persistence and motivation on performance on EF tasks.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Additional Information:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2307
Subjects:
ID Code:
71902
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Dec 2014 16:44
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Dec 2020 02:37