Emotional intelligence in medical education:a critical review

Cherry, Gemma and Fletcher, Ian and O'Sullivan, Helen and Dornan, Tim (2014) Emotional intelligence in medical education:a critical review. Medical Education, 48 (5). pp. 468-478. ISSN 0308-0110

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Abstract

Context Emotional intelligence (EI) is a term used to describe people's awareness of, and ability to respond to, emotions in themselves and other people. There is increasing research evidence that doctors’ EI influences their ability to deliver safe and compassionate health care, a particularly pertinent issue in the current health care climate. Objectives This review set out to examine the value of EI as a theoretical platform on which to base selection for medicine, communication skills education and professionalism. Methods We conducted a critical review with the aim of answering questions that clinical educators wishing to increase the focus on emotions in their curriculum might ask. Results Although EI seems, intuitively, to be a construct that is relevant to educating safe and compassionate doctors, important questions about it remain to be answered. Research to date has not established whether EI is a trait, a learned ability or a combination of the two. Furthermore, there are methodological difficulties associated with measuring EI in a medical arena. If, as has been suggested, EI were to be used to select for medical school, there would be a real risk of including and excluding the wrong people. Conclusions Emotional intelligence-based education may be able to contribute to the teaching of professionalism and communication skills in medicine, but further research is needed before its wholesale adoption in any curriculum can be recommended.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Medical Education
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
71839
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Nov 2014 11:27
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Oct 2020 02:41