The coordination of Sr2+ by hydroxide:a density functional theoretical study

Kerridge, Andrew and Kaltsoyannis, Nikolas (2011) The coordination of Sr2+ by hydroxide:a density functional theoretical study. Dalton Transactions, 40 (42). pp. 11258-11266. ISSN 1477-9226

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Abstract

The molecular structures of gas-phase strontium hydroxide complexes are quantum chemically calculated using density functional theory, and the effects of hydroxyl groups on strontium coordination are studied. It is found that the presence of a single hydroxyl group results in the near-degeneracy of complexes with a coordination number (CN) of 5, 6 and 7. The presence of a second hydroxyl group destabilises the heptacoordinated complexes, and marks the onset of a weakening of the Sr-O-H2O bonds, as evidenced by analysis via the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) and measurements of the average angle between the Sr-O-H2O bond and the H2O dipole moment. A third hydroxyl group strongly destabilises both CN = 6 and 7 complexes through significant weakening of the Sr-O-H2O interaction; here, hydrogen bonding interactions between hydroxyl groups and water molecules begin to dominate. The tetrahydroxide complex is found to be electronically unstable in the gas phase, but can be stabilised by coordination of explicit water molecules. Replacement of the explicit water molecules by a continuum solvation model poorly reproduces the polarisation of the wavefunction by the explicit solvent, suggesting that a combined approach incorporating both explicit solvation and a continuum model is required for the accurate modelling of this dianionic complex.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Dalton Transactions
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1604
Subjects:
ID Code:
71571
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
03 Nov 2014 14:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 09:02