Social cognition in children with epilepsy in mainstream education

Lew, Adina and Lewis, Charlie and Lunn, Judith and Tomlin, Pamela and Basu, Helen and Roach, Julie and Rakshi, Karl and Martland, Timothy (2015) Social cognition in children with epilepsy in mainstream education. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 57 (1). pp. 53-59. ISSN 0012-1622

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Abstract

AIM To establish whether deficits in social cognition are present in children with generalised or focal epilepsy in mainstream education, and whether any relation exists between social cognition, communication, and behaviour measures. METHOD In a cross-sectional study, children with an epilepsy-only diagnoses in mainstream education (n=20 with generalized epilepsy; eight males, 12 females; mean age 11y 6mo, SD 2y 6mo; and n=27 with focal epilepsy; 12 males, 15 females; mean age 11y 8mo, SD 2y 2mo) and comparison participants (n=57; 28 males, 29 females; mean age 11y 2mo, SD 2y 4mo) were administered the Strange Stories task and the Mind in the Eyes task, as well as an IQ assessment. Parents completed the Children’s Communication Checklist-2 and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). RESULTS Both groups of children with epilepsy performed more poorly than control children on the Mental Stories component of the Strange Stories task, F(2,101)=3.2, p<0.001. Performance on Mental Stories was related to pragmatic communication, but only in the generalized epilepsy group (r=0.51, p=0.03, 95% CI=0.2–0.8). There were no differences between epilepsy groups or control participants in the Mind in the Eyes task, F(2,101)=0.4, p=0.4. INTERPRETATION Children with ‘epilepsy only’ are at risk of deficits in social cognition and may require appropriate support.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Additional Information:
© 2014 The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Mac Keith Press This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2806
Subjects:
ID Code:
71362
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2014 13:53
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2020 04:41