Reconnections of quantized vortex rings in superfluid 4He at very low temperatures

Walmsley, P. M. and Tompsett, P. A. and Zmeev, Dmitriy and Golov, A. I. (2014) Reconnections of quantized vortex rings in superfluid 4He at very low temperatures. Physical review letters, 113: 125302. ISSN 1079-7114

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Collisions in a beam of unidirectional quantized vortex rings of nearly identical radii R in superfluid 4He in the limit of zero temperature (0.05 K) were studied using time-of-flight spectroscopy. Reconnections between two primary rings result in secondary vortex loops of both smaller and larger radii. Discrete steps in the distribution of flight times, due to the limits on the earliest possible arrival times of secondary loops created after either one or two consecutive reconnections, are observed. The density of primary rings was found to be capped at the value 500  cm−2R−1 independent of the injected density. This is due to collisions between rings causing the piling up of many other vortex rings. Both observations are in quantitative agreement with our theory.

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Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical review letters
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Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. © 2014 Published by American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? vortex ringsvortex dynamicssuperfluid 4hephysics and astronomy(all) ??
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Deposited On:
19 Sep 2014 09:06
Last Modified:
23 Apr 2024 00:14