Mineral resources and conflicts in DRC:a case of ecological fallacy?

Maystadt, Jean-Francois and De Luca, Giacomo and Sekeris, Petros and Ulimwengu, John (2014) Mineral resources and conflicts in DRC:a case of ecological fallacy? Oxford Economic Papers, 66 (3). pp. 721-749. ISSN 0030-7653

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Abstract

We estimate the impact of geo-located mining concessions on the number of conflict events recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1997 and 2007. Instrumenting the variable of interest with historical concessions interacted with changes in international prices of minerals, we unveil an ecological fallacy: Whereas concessions have no effect on the number of conflicts at the territory level (lowest administrative unit), they do foster violence at the district level (higher administrative unit). We develop and validate empirically a theoretical model where the incentives of armed groups to exploit and protect mineral resources explain our empirical findings.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Oxford Economic Papers
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2000/2002
Subjects:
ID Code:
70609
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Sep 2014 11:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 May 2020 03:14