Extreme weather and civil war:does drought fuel conflict in Somalia through livestock price shocks?

Maystadt, Jean-Francois and Ecker, Olivier (2014) Extreme weather and civil war:does drought fuel conflict in Somalia through livestock price shocks? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 96 (4). pp. 1157-1182. ISSN 0002-9092

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Abstract

Climate change leads to more frequent and more intense droughts in Somalia. In a global context weather shocks have been found to perpetuate poverty and fuel civil conflict. By relating regional and temporal variations in violent conflict outbreaks and drought incidence and severity, we show that this causality is also valid for Somalia at the local level. We find that livestock price shocks drive drought-induced conflicts through reducing the opportunity costs of conflict participation. Our estimation results indicate that a temperature rise of around 3.2 degree Celcius—corresponding to the median IPCC scenario for Eastern Africa by the end of the century—would lower cattle prices by about 4 percent and, in turn, increase the number of violent conflict by about 58 percent. Hence climate change will further aggravate Somalia’s security challenges and calls for decisive action to strengthen both drought and conflict resilience, especially in pastoralist and agropastoralist livelihoods.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1101
Subjects:
ID Code:
70608
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Sep 2014 11:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
08 Jul 2020 04:17