Being active and impulsive:the role of goals for action and inaction in self-control

Helper, Justin and Albarracin, Dolores and McCulloch, Kathleen Cameron and Noguchi, Kenji (2012) Being active and impulsive:the role of goals for action and inaction in self-control. Motivation and Emotion, 36 (4). pp. 416-424. ISSN 0146-7239

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Abstract

Although self-control often requires behavioral inaction (i.e., not eating a piece of cake), the process of inhibiting impulsive behavior is commonly characterized as cognitively active (i.e., actively exerting self-control). Two experiments examined whether motivation for action or inaction facilitates self-control behavior in the presence of tempting stimuli. Experiment 1 used a delay discounting task to assess the ability to delay gratification with respect to money. Experiment 2 used a Go/No-Go task to assess the ability to inhibit a dominant but incorrect motor response to the words “condom” and “sex”. The results demonstrate that goals for inaction promote self-control, whereas goals for action promote impulsive behavior. These findings are discussed in light of recent evidence suggesting that goals for action and inaction modulate physiological resources that promote behavioral execution.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Motivation and Emotion
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
70410
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Aug 2014 10:04
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
17 Jun 2020 02:51