The 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa

Gatherer, Derek (2014) The 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. Journal of General Virology, 95 (8). pp. 1619-1624. ISSN 0022-1317

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On the 23rd March 2014, the WHO issued its first communiqué on a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) which began in December 2013 in Guinée Forestière (Forested Guinea), the eastern sector of the Republic of Guinea. Located on the Atlantic coast of west Africa, Guinea is the first country in this geographical region in which an outbreak of EVD has occurred, leaving aside the single case reported in Ivory Coast in 1994. Cases have now also been confirmed across Guinea as well as in the neighbouring Republic of Liberia. The appearance of cases in the Guinean capital, Conakry, and the transit of another case through the Liberian capital, Monrovia, presents the first large urban setting for EVD transmission. By 20th April 2014, 242 suspected cases had resulted in a total of 147 deaths in Guinea and Liberia. The causative agent is now identified as an outlier strain of Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV). The full geographical extent and degree of severity of the outbreak, its zoonotic origins and its possible spread to other continents are sure to be subjects of intensive discussion over the next months.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of General Virology
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?? virology ??
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Deposited On:
19 May 2014 10:01
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 14:38