Fine-scale in situ measurement of riverbed nitrate production and consumption in an armored permeable riverbed

Lansdown, Katrina and Heppell, Catherine M. and Dossena, Matteo and Ullah, Sami and Heathwaite, A. Louise and Binley, Andrew and Zhang, Hao and Trimmer, Mark (2014) Fine-scale in situ measurement of riverbed nitrate production and consumption in an armored permeable riverbed. Environmental Science and Technology, 48 (8). pp. 4425-4434. ISSN 0013-936X

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Alteration of the global nitrogen cycle by man has increased nitrogen loading in waterways considerably, often with harmful consequences for aquatic ecosystems. Dynamic redox conditions within riverbeds support a variety of nitrogen transformations, some of which can attenuate this burden. In reality, however, assessing the importance of processes besides perhaps denitrification is difficult, due to a sparseness of data, especially in situ, where sediment structure and hydrologic pathways are intact. Here we show in situ within a permeable riverbed, through injections of 15N-labeled substrates, that nitrate can be either consumed through denitrification or produced through nitrification, at a previously unresolved fine (centimeter) scale. Nitrification and denitrification occupy different niches in the riverbed, with denitrification occurring across a broad chemical gradient while nitrification is restricted to more oxic sediments. The narrow niche width for nitrification is in effect a break point, with the switch from activity “on” to activity “off” regulated by interactions between subsurface chemistry and hydrology. Although maxima for denitrification and nitrification occur at opposing ends of a chemical gradient, high potentials for both nitrate production and consumption can overlap when groundwater upwelling is strong.

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Journal Article
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Environmental Science and Technology
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02 May 2014 08:47
Last Modified:
17 Sep 2023 01:32