Subanaesthetic ketamine treatment promotes abnormal interactions between neural subsystems and alters the properties of functional brain networks

Dawson, Neil and McDonald, Martin and Higham, Desmond J and Morris, Brian J and Pratt, Judith A (2014) Subanaesthetic ketamine treatment promotes abnormal interactions between neural subsystems and alters the properties of functional brain networks. Neuropsychopharmacology, 39 (7). pp. 1786-1798. ISSN 1740-634X

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Abstract

Acute treatment with subanaesthetic ketamine, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, is widely utilized as a translational model for schizophrenia. However, how acute NMDA receptor blockade impacts on brain functioning at a systems level, to elicit translationally relevant symptomatology and behavioural deficits, has not yet been determined. Here, for the first time, we apply established and recently validated topological measures from network science to brain imaging data gained from ketamine treated mice to elucidate how acute NMDA receptor blockade impacts on the properties of functional brain networks. We show that the effects of acute ketamine treatment on the global properties of these networks are divergent from those widely reported in schizophrenia. Where acute NMDA receptor blockade promotes hyperconnectivity in functional brain networks, pronounced dysconnectivity is found in schizophrenia. We also show that acute ketamine treatment increases the connectivity and importance of prefrontal and thalamic brain regions in brain networks, a finding also divergent to alterations seen in schizophrenia. In addition, we characterise how ketamine impacts on bipartite functional interactions between neural subsystems. A key feature includes the enhancement of PFC-neuromodulatory subsystem connectivity in ketamine treated animals, a finding consistent with the known effects of ketamine on PFC neurotransmitter levels. Overall, our data suggest that, at a systems level, acute ketamine-induced alterations in brain network connectivity do not parallel those seen in chronic schizophrenia. Hence, the mechanisms through which acute ketamine treatment induces translationally relevant symptomatology may differ from those in chronic schizophrenia. Future effort should therefore be dedicated to resolving the conflicting observations between this putative translational model and schizophrenia.Neuropsychopharmacology accepted article preview online, 4 February 2014; doi:10.1038/npp.2014.26.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Neuropsychopharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
68738
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Feb 2014 09:16
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 01:48