Livestock greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential in Europe

Bellarby, Jessica and Tirado, Reyes and Leip, Adrian and Weiss, Franz and Lesschen, Jan Peter and Smith, Pete (2013) Livestock greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential in Europe. Global Change Biology, 19 (1). pp. 3-18. ISSN 1354-1013

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Abstract

The livestock sector contributes considerably to global greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Here, for the year 2007 we examined GHG emissions in the EU27 livestock sector and estimated GHG emissions from production and consumption of livestock products; including imports, exports and wastage. We also reviewed available mitigation options and estimated their potential. The focus of this review is on the beef and dairy sector since these contribute 60% of all livestock production emissions. Particular attention is paid to the role of land use and land use change (LULUC) and carbon sequestration in grasslands. GHG emissions of all livestock products amount to between 630 and 863 Mt CO2e, or 12–17% of total EU27 GHG emissions in 2007. The highest emissions aside from production, originate from LULUC, followed by emissions from wasted food. The total GHG mitigation potential from the livestock sector in Europe is between 101 and 377 Mt CO2e equivalent to between 12 and 61% of total EU27 livestock sector emissions in 2007. A reduction in food waste and consumption of livestock products linked with reduced production, are the most effective mitigation options, and if encouraged, would also deliver environmental and human health benefits. Production of beef and dairy on grassland, as opposed to intensive grain fed production, can be associated with a reduction in GHG emissions depending on actual LULUC emissions. This could be promoted on rough grazing land where appropriate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Global Change Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 68728
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 26 Feb 2014 10:42
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 08:17
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/68728

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