Challenges in chip design for the AGIPD detector

Shi, X. and Dinapoli, R. and Henrich, B. and Mozzanica, A. and Schmitt, B. and Mazzocco, R. and Krüger, H. and Trunk, U. and Graafsma, H. (2010) Challenges in chip design for the AGIPD detector. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 624 (2). pp. 387-391. ISSN 0168-9002

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Abstract

Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detector (AGIPD) is currently under development for the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL). It is a hybrid pixel detector with a specifically developed readout chip bump bonded to a silicon sensor. The chip is being designed in IBM View the MathML source CMOS technology. This paper is focused on the readout chip design. The main challenges for this chip are: the high dynamic range (1–1.4×104) with single photon sensitivity, the long storage chain (≥200) with a long hold time (99 ms), and the high radiation dose (up to 100 MGy). A charge integrating amplifier with a gain adaptive to the number of incoming photons is combined with a correlated double sampling (CDS) buffer to achieve the required dynamic range and single photon sensitivity. Several techniques are implemented in the storage cell design in order to reduce leakage current and signal-dependent charge injection. Four prototype chips have been designed for testing the performance of the implemented switches, capacitors, amplifiers, storage cells and periphery circuitry. The recently submitted test chip has a 16×16 pixel matrix, 100 storage cells in each pixel and a periphery circuitry for accessing and controlling the pixels and storage cells.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3106
Subjects:
ID Code:
68569
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Feb 2014 16:13
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Aug 2020 01:28