Plastic properties of solid 4He probed by a moving wire : viscoelastic and stochastic behavior under high stress

Ahlstrom, Sean and Bradley, Ian and Clovecko, Marcel and Fisher, Shaun and Guénault, Tony and Guise, Edward Ashley and Haley, Richard and Kumar, Mukesh and McClintock, Peter V. E. and Pickett, George and Polturak, E. and Poole, Malcolm and Todoshchenko, Igor A. and Tsepelin, Viktor and Woods, Andrew (2014) Plastic properties of solid 4He probed by a moving wire : viscoelastic and stochastic behavior under high stress. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 175 (1-2). pp. 147-153. ISSN 0022-2291

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We present measurements of a thin wire moving through solid 4He. Measurements were made over a wide temperature range at pressures close to the melting curve. We describe the new experimental technique and present preliminary measurements at relatively high driving forces (stresses) and velocities (strain rates). The wire moves by plastic deformation of the surrounding solid facilitated by quantum tunneling of vacancies and the motion of defects. In the bcc phase we observe very pronounced viscoelastic effects with relaxation times spanning several orders of magnitude. In the hcp phase we observe stochastic step-like motion of the wire. During the step, the wire can move at extremely high velocities. On cooling, the wire ceases to move at a temperature of around 1 K. We are unable to detect any motion at lower temperatures, down to below 10 mK.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? solid 4he viscoelastic propertiesplasticitymaterials science(all)atomic and molecular physics, and opticscondensed matter physics ??
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Deposited On:
25 Nov 2013 11:50
Last Modified:
13 Apr 2024 00:18