Scintillation impacts on the BIOMASS P-band space-based SAR

Rogers, Neil and Quegan, Shaun (2012) Scintillation impacts on the BIOMASS P-band space-based SAR. In: 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). Curran Associates, Inc., pp. 6400-6403. ISBN 9781467311601

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This paper quantifies the probable impacts of ionospheric scintillation on the proposed European Space Agency BIOMASS synthetic aperture radar (SAR). BIOMASS is a 435 MHz quad-polarised.SAR in a dawn-dusk orbit, with a primary objective of measuring woody biomass density and tree heights with near-global coverage. The climatological model WBMOD is used to generate multiple random ionospheric phase screens, from which are derived SAR impulse response functions (IRFs) for a range of locations, times and solar and geomagnetic activity levels. The statistics of IRF degradation are presented in terms of the integrated and peak sidelobe ratios, resolution increases, azimuthal shifts and reductions of the main lobe peak. The ionospheric impacts for global forest regions are found to be negligible under all conditions except at high latitudes in the North American sector under high solar and geomagnetic activity. Consequences for ice monitoring (at higher latitudes) will be much more widespread.

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Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
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Conference held in Munich, 22-27 July 2012.
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11 Oct 2013 10:31
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 02:32