Structural insights into calicivirus attachment and uncoating

Bhella, David and Gatherer, Derek and Chaudhry, Yasmin and Pink, Rebecca and Goodfellow, Ian G. (2008) Structural insights into calicivirus attachment and uncoating. Journal of Virology, 82 (16). pp. 8051-8058. ISSN 0022-538X

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The Caliciviridae family comprises positive-sense RNA viruses of medical and veterinary significance. In humans, caliciviruses are a major cause of acute gastroenteritis, while in animals respiratory illness, conjunctivitis, stomatitis, and hemorrhagic disease are documented. Investigation of virus-host interactions is limited by a lack of culture systems for many viruses in this family. Feline calicivirus (FCV), a member of the Vesivirus genus, provides a tractable model, since it may be propagated in cell culture. Feline junctional adhesion molecule 1 (fJAM-1) was recently identified as a functional receptor for FCV. We have analyzed the structure of this virus-receptor complex by cryo-electron microscopy and three-dimensional image reconstruction, combined with fitting of homology modeled high-resolution coordinates. We show that domain 1 of fJAM-1 binds to the outer face of the P2 domain of the FCV capsid protein VP1, inducing conformational changes in the viral capsid. This study provides the first structural view of a native calicivirus-protein receptor complex and insights into the mechanisms of virus attachment and uncoating.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Virology
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30 Sep 2013 15:13
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 00:16