The differences between storms driven by helmet streamer CIRs and storms driven by pseudostreamer CIRs

Borovsky, Joseph E. and Denton, Michael (2013) The differences between storms driven by helmet streamer CIRs and storms driven by pseudostreamer CIRs. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118 (9). pp. 5506-5521. ISSN 0148-0227

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Abstract

A corotating interaction region (CIR) is formed when fast coronal hole origin solar wind overtakes slow solar wind and forms a region of compressed plasma and magnetic field. The slow wind upstream of the coronal hole fast wind can be either of helmet streamer origin or pseudostreamer origin. For a collection of 125 CIR-driven geomagnetic storms, the slow wind ahead of each CIR is examined; for those storm not containing ejecta, each CIR is categorized as a helmet streamer CIR (74 of the 125 storms) or a pseudostreamer CIR (11 of the 125 storms). Separate superposed epoch studies are performed on the two groups to discern the differences between storms driven by pseudostreamer CIRs and those driven by helmet streamer CIRs. A major difference is that pseudostreamer CIR storms tend not to have a calm before the storm, so the outer plasmasphere does not refill before storm onset, and the outer electron radiation belt does not exhibit a pre-storm decay. The superdense plasma sheet is weaker for pseudostreamer CIR storms, and the dropout of the electron radiation belt is weaker. Pseudostreamer CIR storms and helmet streamer CIR storms tend to be of the same strength as measured by the magnitude of Kp, MBI (midnight boundary index), or Dst.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
Additional Information:
©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
66749
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Sep 2013 08:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
12 Jul 2020 04:21