Pre-aspiration and post-aspiration in Scottish Gaelic stop consonants

Nance, Claire and Stuart-Smith, Jane (2013) Pre-aspiration and post-aspiration in Scottish Gaelic stop consonants. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (2). pp. 129-152. ISSN 0025-1003

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Abstract

This paper aims to describe pre-aspirated and post-aspirated stops in an endangered language, Scottish Gaelic. Our small-scale study investigates several acoustic parameters of Scottish Gaelic stop consonants designed to measure the duration and noisiness of aspiration of the stop in its immediate phonetic context. Our study expands on previous phonetic descriptions of phonemic (pre)aspiration in three ways: firstly, we provide a more complete durational description of Scottish Gaelic than previous work in the literature; secondly, we apply a new measure, band-pass filtered zero crossing rate (Gordeeva & Scobbie 2010), in order to examine the noisiness of aspiration in addition to durational characteristics. The results from this measure are presented in tandem with durational results in order to assess its usefulness for future research. Thirdly, we consider the possibility of change in the Scottish Gaelic stop system by examining data from older and younger speakers. Results suggest that band-pass filtered zero crossing rate is a useful tool and should be considered in future research on aspiration. Also, durational and zero crossing results indicate that younger speakers have shorter and less noisy pre-aspiration than older speakers. We discuss these results as a possible sound change in progress.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of the International Phonetic Association
Additional Information:
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (2), pp 129-152 2013, © 2013 Cambridge University Press.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2733
Subjects:
ID Code:
66318
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Sep 2013 08:04
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jul 2020 01:19