Solid-state NMR spectroscopy detects interactions between tryptophan residues of the E. coli sugar transporter GalP and the alpha-anomer of the D-glucose substrate

Patching, Simon G and Henderson, Peter J F and Herbert, Richard B and Middleton, David A (2008) Solid-state NMR spectroscopy detects interactions between tryptophan residues of the E. coli sugar transporter GalP and the alpha-anomer of the D-glucose substrate. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130 (4). pp. 1236-44. ISSN 0002-7863

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Abstract

An experimental approach is described in which high resolution 13C solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy has been used to detect interactions between specific residues of membrane-embedded transport proteins and weakly binding noncovalent ligands. This procedure has provided insight into the binding site for the substrate D-glucose in the Escherichia coli sugar transport protein GalP. Cross-polarization magic-angle spinning (CP-MAS) SSNMR spectra of GalP in its natural membrane at 4 degrees C indicated that the alpha- and beta-anomers of D-[1-(13)C]glucose were bound by GalP with equal affinity and underwent fast exchange between the free and bound environments. Further experiments confirmed that by lowering the measurement temperature to -10 degrees C, peaks could be detected selectively from the substrate when restrained within the binding site. Dipolar-assisted rotational resonance (DARR) SSNMR experiments at -10 degrees C showed a selective interaction between the alpha-anomer of D-[1-(13)C]glucose and 13C-labels within [13C]tryptophan-labeled GalP, which places the carbon atom at C-1 in the alpha-anomer of D-glucose to within 6 A of the carbonyl carbon of one or more tryptophan residues in the protein. No interaction was detected for the beta-isomer. The role of tryptophan residues in substrate binding was investigated further in CP-MAS experiments to detect D-[1-(13)C]glucose binding to the GalP mutants W371F and W395F before and after the addition of the inhibitor forskolin. The results suggest that both mutants bind D-glucose with similar affinities, but have different affinities for forskolin. This work highlights a useful general experimental strategy for probing the binding sites of membrane proteins, using methodology which overcomes the problems associated with the unfavorable dynamics of weak ligands.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1500/1503
Subjects:
ID Code:
66279
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Sep 2013 08:03
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
13 May 2020 02:15