Cytoplasmic residues of phospholamban interact with membrane surfaces in the presence of SERCA:a new role for phospholipids in the regulation of cardiac calcium cycling?

Hughes, Eleri and Clayton, Jonathan C and Middleton, David A (2009) Cytoplasmic residues of phospholamban interact with membrane surfaces in the presence of SERCA:a new role for phospholipids in the regulation of cardiac calcium cycling? Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 1788 (2). pp. 559-66. ISSN 0005-2736

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Abstract

The 52-amino acid transmembrane protein phospholamban (PLB) regulates calcium cycling in cardiac cells by forming a complex with the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) and reversibly diminishing the rate of calcium uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of PLB interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of SERCA, but, in the absence of the enzyme, can also associate with the surface of anionic phospholipid membranes. This work investigates whether the cytoplasmic domain of PLB can also associate with membrane surfaces in the presence of SERCA, and whether such interactions could influence the regulation of the enzyme. It is shown using solid-state NMR and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) that an N-terminally acetylated peptide representing the first 23 N-terminal amino acids of PLB (PLB1-23) interacts with membranes composed of zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine (PC) and anionic phosphatidylglycerol (PG) lipids in the absence and presence of SERCA. Functional measurements of SERCA in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles, planar SR membranes and reconstituted into PC/PG membranes indicate that PLB1-23 lowers the maximal rate of ATP hydrolysis by acting at the cytoplasmic face of the enzyme. A small, but statistically significant, reduction in the inhibitory effect of the peptide is observed for SERCA reconstituted into PC/PG membranes compared to SERCA in membranes of PC alone. It is suggested that interactions between the cytoplasmic domain of PLB and negatively charged phospholipids might play a role in moderating the regulation of SERCA, with implications for cardiac muscle contractility.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1304
Subjects:
ID Code: 66274
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 17 Sep 2013 08:03
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 08:36
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/66274

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