Conduit- to localized-scale degassing during Plinian eruptions:insights from major element and volatile (Cl and H2O) analysis within Vesuvius AD79 pumice

Shea, Thomas and Hellebrand, Eric and Gurioli, Lucia and Tuffen, Hugh (2014) Conduit- to localized-scale degassing during Plinian eruptions:insights from major element and volatile (Cl and H2O) analysis within Vesuvius AD79 pumice. Journal of Petrology, 55 (2). pp. 315-344. ISSN 1460-2415

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Textural investigations of the AD 79 Vesuvius pumice emphasize the complexity of magma degassing and crystallization during the eruption, which emitted two types of pumice (white and gray) associated with different magma bodies of phonolitic and tephriphonolitic compositions respectively. These studies proposed that velocity gradients caused spatial variations in degassing within the ascending magma column at both the conduit and the localized scale. To validate this hypothesis, analyses of volatiles (Cl, H2O) and major elements in pumice glasses and melt inclusions were performed using high spatial resolution tools (microRaman spectrometry and electron microprobe) and combined with major element and volatile concentration profiles and maps. The results indicate that the melt phase differentiated through degassing-induced crystallization of leucite, and that the gray pumice magma was efficiently homogenized prior to degassing. Because Cl diffuses more slowly than H2O during fast ascent, it behaves as an incompatible element and can be used as a tracer of crystallization and H2O degassing. We emphasize the importance of strain localization in generating zones of preferential exsolution and permeable pathways for gases, and establish degassing scenarios that incorporate the effects of shear-zones.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Petrology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1908
Subjects:
ID Code:
66064
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Aug 2013 15:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Jul 2020 03:03