Multi-instrument observations of the electric and magnetic field structure of omega bands

Wild, J. A. and Yeoman, T. K. and Eglitis, P. and Opgenoorth, H. J. (2000) Multi-instrument observations of the electric and magnetic field structure of omega bands. Annales Geophysicae, 18 (1). pp. 99-110. ISSN 0992-7689

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Abstract

High time resolution data from the CUTLASS Finland radar during the interval 01:30±03:30 UT on 11 May, 1998, are employed to characterise the ionospheric electric field due to a series of omega bands extending ~5° in latitude at a resolution of 45 km in the meridional direction and 50 km in the azimuthal direction. E-region observations from the STARE Norway VHF radar operating at a resolution of 15 km over a comparable region are also incorporated. These data are combined with ground magnetometer observations from several stations. This allows the study of the ionospheric equivalent current signatures and height integrated ionospheric conductances associated with omega bands as they propagate through the field-of-view of the CUTLASS and STARE radars. The high-time resolution and multi-point nature of the observations leads to a refinement of the previous models of omega band structure. The omega bands observed during this interval have scale sizes ~500 km and an eastward propagation velocity ~0.75 km/s. They occur in the morning sector (~05 MLT), simultaneously with the onset/intensification of a substorm to the west during the recovery phase of a previous substorm in the Scandinavian sector. A possible mechanism for omega band formation and their relationship to the substorm phase is discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Annales Geophysicae
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/libraryofcongress/t1
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 6588
Deposited By: ep_importer_dcs
Deposited On: 21 Apr 2008 10:34
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2019 00:45
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/6588

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