Revisiting age-of-acquisition effects in Spanish visual word recognition:the role of item imageability

Wilson, Maximiliano and Cuetos, Fernando and Davies, Robert Aye Imanol and Burani, Cristina (2013) Revisiting age-of-acquisition effects in Spanish visual word recognition:the role of item imageability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39 (6). pp. 1842-1859. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Word age-of-acquisition (AoA) affects reading. The mapping hypothesis predicts AoA effects when input–output mappings are arbitrary. In Spanish, the orthography-to-phonology mappings required for word naming are consistent; therefore, no AoA effects are expected. Nevertheless, AoA effects have been found, motivating the present investigation of how AoA can affect reading in Spanish. Four experiments were run to examine reading with a factorial design manipulating AoA and frequency. In Experiments 1 and 2 (immediate and speeded naming), only word frequency affected word naming. In Experiment 3 (lexical decision), both AoA and frequency affected word recognition. In Experiment 4 (immediate naming with highly imageable items), both frequency and AoA affected naming. The results suggest that highly imageable items induce a larger reliance on semantics in reading aloud. Such reliance causes faster naming of earlier acquired words because the corresponding concepts have richer visual and sensory features acquired mainly through direct sensory experience.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
65722
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Jul 2013 15:24
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Aug 2020 02:26