Time does not flow without language:spatial distance affects temporal duration regardless of movement or direction

Cai, Zhenguang G. and Connell, Louise and Holler, Judith (2013) Time does not flow without language:spatial distance affects temporal duration regardless of movement or direction. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20 (5). pp. 973-980. ISSN 1069-9384

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Abstract

Much evidence has suggested that people conceive of time as flowing directionally in transverse space (e.g., from left to right for English speakers). However, this phenomenon has never been tested in a fully nonlinguistic paradigm where neither stimuli nor task use linguistic labels, which raises the possibility that time is directional only when reading/writing direction has been evoked. In the present study, English-speaking participants viewed a video where an actor sang a note while gesturing and reproduced the duration of the sung note by pressing a button. Results showed that the perceived duration of the note was increased by a long-distance gesture, relative to a short-distance gesture. This effect was equally strong for gestures moving from left to right and from right to left and was not dependent on gestures depicting movement through space; a weaker version of the effect emerged with static gestures depicting spatial distance. Since both our gesture stimuli and temporal reproduction task were nonlinguistic, we conclude that the spatial representation of time is nondirectional: Movement contributes, but is not necessary, to the representation of temporal information in a transverse timeline.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 65550
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 08 Jul 2013 08:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 08:33
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/65550

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