Family functioning predicts outcomes for veterans in treatment for chronic posttraumatic stress disorder

Evans, Lynette and Cowlishaw, Sean and Hopwood, Malcolm (2009) Family functioning predicts outcomes for veterans in treatment for chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Family Psychology, 23 (4). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0893-3200

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

A longitudinal framework was used to examine the competing hypotheses of (a) whether family functioning predicts changes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms or (b) whether PTSD symptoms predict changes in family functioning. Veterans (N = 311) admitted to a treatment program completed a series of questionnaires at 3 time points: at intake, from intake to completion of a treatment program, and at the 6-month follow-up. Alcohol use and general mental health symptoms were also measured at intake. A cross-lagged panel model using structural equation modeling analyses indicated that family functioning was a moderate predictor of PTSD symptoms at posttreatment and at the 6-month follow-up. PTSD was not a significant predictor of family functioning across time and alcohol use, and general mental health symptoms did not affect the overall findings. Further analyses of PTSD symptom clusters indicated that the avoidance symptom cluster was most strongly related to family functioning. Targeting family relationships for treatment may be important in the future for veterans with PTSD.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Family Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200
Subjects:
ID Code:
65284
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jun 2013 09:59
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
24 Nov 2020 02:28