Occurrence and risk assessment of organophosphorus and brominated flame retardants in the River Aire (UK)

Cristale, Joyce and Katsoyiannis, Athanasios and Sweetman, Andrew J. and Jones, Kevin C. and Lacorte, Silvia (2013) Occurrence and risk assessment of organophosphorus and brominated flame retardants in the River Aire (UK). Environmental Pollution, 179. pp. 194-200. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

This study presents the occurrence and risk of PBDEs, new brominated and organophosphorus flame retardants along a river affected by urban and industrial pressures (River Aire, UK). Tris(2-choroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) phosphate (TCPP), tris[2-chloro-1-(chloromethyl)ethyl] phosphate (TDCP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) were detected in all samples, with TCPP present at the highest concentrations, ranging from 113 to 26 050 ng L(-1). BDE-209 was detected in most of the sampled sites, ranging from 17 to 295 ng L(-1), while hexabromobenzene (HBB) and pentabromoethyl benzene (PBEB) were seldom detected. A risk quotients based on predicted no effect concentrations (PNEC) and flame retardants water concentration proved significant risk for adverse effects for algae, Daphnia and fish in sites close to industrial and urban sewage discharges. This study provides a protocol for the risk estimation of priority and new generation flame retardants based on river concentrations and toxicological values.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Pollution
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3000/3005
Subjects:
ID Code:
64756
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 May 2013 10:57
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Sep 2020 05:51