Second-order gender effects:the case of U.S. small business borrowing cost

Wu, Zhenyu and Chua, Jess H. (2012) Second-order gender effects:the case of U.S. small business borrowing cost. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36 (3). pp. 443-463. ISSN 1042-2587

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Abstract

Gender-based differential treatment of business borrowers has been illegal for decades now. Therefore, any remaining gender effect is likely to be more subtle than before and second order in nature. Using 1,577 small businesses from the 2003 National Survey of Small Business Finances by the Federal Reserve Board, resolving the gender assignment problem, and isolating the supply effects, our tests detected a second-order gender effect in U.S. small business borrowing cost. Specifically, lenders charge female sole proprietorships an average of 73 basis points higher than male sole proprietorships. The methodology also ameliorates an interpretation problem common to first-order gender effects.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1400/1403
Subjects:
ID Code:
64521
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 May 2013 09:17
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Oct 2020 02:31