Dales, H.G. and Zelazko, W.
(2012)
*Generators of maximal left ideals in Banach algebras.*
Studia Mathematica, 212 (2).
pp. 173-193.
ISSN 0039-3223

## Abstract

In 1971, Grauert and Remmert proved that a commutative, complex, Noetherian Banach algebra is necessarily finite-dimensional. More precisely, they proved that a commutative, complex Banach algebra has finite dimension over C whenever all the closed ideals in the algebra are (algebraically) finitely generated. In 1974, Sinclair and Tullo obtained a non-commutative version of this result. In 1978, Ferreira and Tomassini improved the result of Grauert and Remmert by showing that the statement is also true if one replaces `closed ideals' by `maximal ideals in the Shilov boundary of A'. We give a shorter proof of this latter result, together with some extensions and related examples. We study the following conjecture. Suppose that all maximal left ideals in a unital Banach algebra A are finitely generated. Then A is finite-dimensional.