Inflationary Affleck-Dine scalar dynamics and isocurvature perturbations

Enqvist, Kari and McDonald, John (2000) Inflationary Affleck-Dine scalar dynamics and isocurvature perturbations. Physical Review D, 62 (4). ISSN 1550-7998

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We consider the evolution of the Affleck-Dine scalar during D-term and F-term inflation and solve the combined slow-roll equations of motion. We show that for a typical case, where both the Affleck-Dine scalar and inflaton initially have large values, in D-term inflation the Affleck-Dine scalar is driven to a fixed value, with only a very slight dependence on the number of e-foldings. As a result, there is a definite prediction for the ratio of the baryonic isocurvature perturbation to the adiabatic perturbation. In minimal (d=4) Affleck-Dine baryogenesis the relative isocurvature contribution to the CMB angular power spectrum amplitude is predicted to be in the range 0.01–0.1, which can account for present large-scale structure observations and should be observable by Planck. In a very general case, scale invariance of the adiabatic perturbations from the Affleck-Dine scalar imposes a lower bound of about 0.01 for d=4. For d=6 the isocurvature perturbation may just be observable, although this is less certain. We also consider F-term inflation and show that the magnitude of the baryonic isocurvature perturbation is fixed by the value of H during inflation. For typical values of H the isocurvature perturbation could be close to present observational limits.

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Journal Article
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Physical Review D
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22 Mar 2013 16:53
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 00:52