Physical parameterization of Strombolian eruptions via experimentally-validated modeling of high-speed observations

Taddeucci, Jacopo and Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia, Miguel and Moroni, Monica and Tornetta, Lauretta and Capponi, Antonio and Scarlato, Piergiorgio and Dingwell, Donald and De Rita, Donatella (2012) Physical parameterization of Strombolian eruptions via experimentally-validated modeling of high-speed observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (16). ISSN 0094-8276

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Abstract

Pressurized gas drives explosive volcanic eruptions. Existing models can predict the amount and pressure of gas in erupting magma, but application and testing of such models is currently limited by the accuracy of input parameters from natural systems. Here, we present a new methodology, based on a novel integration of 1) high-speed imaging and 2) shock-tube modeling of volcanic activity in order to derive estimates of sub-second variations in the pressure, mass, and volume of gas that drive the dynamics of unsteady eruptions. First, we validate the method against laboratoryscale shock-tube experiments. Having validated the method we then apply it to observations of eruptions at Stromboli volcano (Italy). Finally, we use those results for a parametric study of the weight of input parameters on final outputs. We conclude that Strombolian explosions, with durations of seconds, result from discrete releases of gas with mass and pressure in the 4–714 kg and 0.10–0.56 MPa range, respectively, and which occupy the volcano conduit to a depth of 4–190 m. These variations are present both among and within individual explosions

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Geophysical Research Letters
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900
Subjects:
ID Code:
63049
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Mar 2013 13:46
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jun 2020 02:37