Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations

Bowman, Kevin and Shindell, Drew T. and Worden, Helen and Lamarque, J. F. and Young, Paul and Stevenson, D. S. and Qu, Z. and de la Torre, M and Bergmann, D. and Cameron-Smith, Philip and Collins, William J. and Doherty, R. M. and Dalsoren, Stig B and Eyring, V. and Faluvegi, G. and Folberth, G. and Ghan, S and Horowitz, L. W. and Josse, B and Lee, Yunha H and MacKenzie, Ian A. and Myhre, G and Nagashima, T and Naik, Vaishali and Plummer, David A and Skeie, R and Strode, Sarah and Sudo, K. and Szopa, Sophie and Voulgarakis, A. and Zeng, Guang and Kulawik, S and Aghedo, A and Worden, J (2013) Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13 (8). pp. 4057-4072. ISSN 1680-7316

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We use simultaneous observations of tropospheric ozone and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) sensitivity to tropospheric ozone from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) to evaluate model tropospheric ozone and its effect on OLR simulated by a suite of chemistry-climate models that participated in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP). The ensemble mean of ACCMIP models show a persistent but modest tropospheric ozone low bias (5–20 ppb) in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) and modest high bias (5–10 ppb) in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) relative to TES ozone for 2005–2010. These ozone biases have a significant impact on the OLR. Using TES instantaneous radiative kernels (IRK), we show that the ACCMIP ensemble mean tropospheric ozone low bias leads up to 120 mW m−2 OLR high bias locally but zonally compensating errors reduce the global OLR high bias to 39 ± 41 m Wm−2 relative to TES data. We show that there is a correlation (R2 = 0.59) between the magnitude of the ACCMIP OLR bias and the deviation of the ACCMIP preindustrial to present day (1750–2010) ozone radiative forcing (RF) from the ensemble ozone RF mean. However, this correlation is driven primarily by models whose absolute OLR bias from tropospheric ozone exceeds 100 m Wm−2. Removing these models leads to a mean ozone radiative forcing of 394 ± 42 m Wm−2. The mean is about the same and the standard deviation is about 30% lower than an ensemble ozone RF of 384 ± 60 m Wm−2 derived from 14 of the 16 ACCMIP models reported in a companion ACCMIP study. These results point towards a profitable direction of combining satellite observations and chemistry-climate model simulations to reduce uncertainty in ozone radiative forcing.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
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© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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?? atmospheric science ??
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Deposited On:
20 Mar 2013 15:20
Last Modified:
11 May 2024 01:45