Do peatland microforms move through time? Examining the developmental history of a patterned peatland using ground-penetrating radar

Kettridge, Nicholas and Binley, Andrew and Comas, Xavier and Cassidy, Nigel J. and Baird, Andy J. and Harris, Angela and van der Kruk, Jan and Strack, Maria and Milner, Alice M. and Waddington, James M. (2012) Do peatland microforms move through time? Examining the developmental history of a patterned peatland using ground-penetrating radar. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 117 (G3). ISSN 2169-8961

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Abstract

Using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) to map subsurface patterns in peat physical properties, we investigated the developmental history of meso-scale surface patterning of microforms within a raised bog. Common offset GPR measurements were obtained along a 45-m transect, at frequencies ranging from 100 to 900 MHz. We found that low-frequency (central frequency <240 MHz) GPR could not adequately represent the subsurface structures of the peatland because individual peat layers were too thin. However, more detailed high-frequency measurements (central frequency >= 240 MHz) showed a striking pattern of subsurface reflections that dip consistently in a northerly direction. The angle of these dipping reflectors is calculated using a semblance algorithm and was shown to average 3.9 degrees between a depth of 1.0 and 2.5 m. These dipping reflectors may indicate downslope migration of surface microforms during the development of the peatland. Based on the estimated angle and the rate of peat accumulation, the average rate of downslope propagation of these surface microforms is calculated at 9.8 mm per year. Further survey work is required to establish whether the downslope migration is common across the peatland.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Subjects:
ID Code:
62464
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Feb 2013 11:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 08:19