Illness beliefs and psychological outcome in people with Parkinson’s disease

Simpson, Jane and Lekwuwa, Godwin and Crawford, Trevor (2013) Illness beliefs and psychological outcome in people with Parkinson’s disease. Chronic Illness, 9 (2). pp. 165-176. ISSN 1742-3953

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Abstract

Illness beliefs are important predictors of psychological outcome in people with chronic illness and evidence suggests these could also be significant in furthering our understanding of psychological functioning in people with Parkinson’s disease. Illness beliefs are specific, dynamic representations of an illness and cover dimensions such as cause, identity, consequences and controllability. Eighty-one people with Parkinson’s disease completed a series of questionnaires to provide demographic, clinical and psychosocial data, which were then used to assess the relative impact of illness beliefs on their psychological functioning. Psychological functioning was assessed by measuring levels of depression, anxiety, stress, positive affect and emotional well-being. Hierarchical block regression indicated that illness beliefs were important independent predictors across some but not all outcomes and the results emphasised the importance of testing new predictors against more established predictors of outcome such as physical functioning and self-esteem. The illness beliefs most important in psychological outcome in people with PD were causal beliefs (particularly in psychosocial causes) and illness coherence (the level of understanding of the illness). The therapeutic potential of psychosocial variables was discussed given that these can be modified during therapy and this change can positively influence psychological outcome.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Chronic Illness
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
61841
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jan 2013 14:42
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Oct 2020 02:18