Explosive subglacial rhyolitic eruptions in Iceland are fuelled by high magmatic H2O and closed system degassing.

Owen, Jacqueline and Tuffen, Hugh and McGarvie, David W. (2013) Explosive subglacial rhyolitic eruptions in Iceland are fuelled by high magmatic H2O and closed system degassing. Geology, 41 (2). pp. 251-254. ISSN 0091-7613

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Rhyolitic eruptions beneath Icelandic glaciers can be highly explosive, as demonstrated by Quaternary tephra layers dispersed throughout northern Europe. However, they can also be small and effusive. A subglacial rhyolitic eruption has never been observed, so behavioral controls remain poorly understood and the influence of pre-eruptive volatile contents is unknown. We have therefore used secondary ion mass spectrometry to characterize pre-eruptive volatile contents and degassing paths for five subglacial rhyolitic edifices within the Torfajökull central volcano, formed in contrasting styles of eruption under ice ∼400 m thick. This includes the products of the largest known eruption of Icelandic subglacial rhyolite of ∼16 km3 at ca. 70 ka. We find pre-eruptive water contents in melt inclusions (H2OMI) of up to 4.8 wt%, which indicates that Icelandic rhyolite can be significantly more volatile-rich than previously thought. Our results indicate that explosive subglacial rhyolite eruptions correspond with high H2OMI, closed-system degassing, and rapid magma ascent, whereas their effusive equivalents have lower H2OMI and show open-system degassing and more sluggish ascent rates. Volatile controls on eruption style thus appear similar to those for subaerial eruptions, suggesting that ice plays a subsidiary role in influencing the behavior of subglacial rhyolitic eruptions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1907
Subjects:
ID Code:
61043
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Dec 2012 15:03
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Oct 2020 02:18